Wednesday, June 22, 2011

The Rice Portrait Provenance by Mrs. Henry Rice - Colonel Thomas Austen

Colonel Thomas Austen
Reproduced by kind permission of the owner -
 from a private collection
Mrs. Henry Rice joins me today for part three of the Rice Portrait Provenance. The history of the painting is a fascinating one, and I've loved hearing about all of the owners, but I must admit, I think Colonel Thomas's biography is one of the most interesting! Thank you for joining us again.

Colonel Thomas Austen, (1775 - 1859) the third owner of the portrait, was Jane's second cousin, and a great friend of Edward Knight, her brother. They were both fanatical cricketers, and played in the Duke of Dorset's (the founder of the MCC's) team, called at one point, 'The Gentlemen of Kent'. Elizabeth Austen, my husband Henry's great, great grandmother, knew him well. We know from her that he rode very well to hounds, was a fine shot, and also played the violin. His mother, Elizabeth Motley Austen (née Wilson) had had a great admirer called Sir Horace Mann who also taught him to play brilliant cricket.
His army career was very distinguished, and he was made Governor of the Algarve during the Penninsular wars, (where he was reprimanded by the top brass for being too easy on French spies!)
He fought in America in the 40th regiment of foot, the Green Jackets, and under Wellington, and visited South Africa, Canada, and the West Indies.

Kippington House
In 1803, he married the obligatory heiress, (as his eldest brother Lucius was not stable) one Margaretta Morland whose family had made a fortune out of sugar and rum in the West Indies. Colonel Thomas and Margaretta married in Bath in 1803, and Margaretta was left behind at Kippington with his mother and father, whilst he was abroad. They had no children, and during his long absences Margaretta turned a wing at Kippington into a small school-like operation; looking after motherless girls of friends whose mothers had died in childbed. Sadly, those abounded in the eighteenth century, and thereby hangs a tale. Both Elizabeth and Fanny Austen, Edward Austen/Knight's daughters stayed with her, and so did Elizabeth Hall, the only daughter of another rich Jamaican plantation owner, Thomas Hall. Again, in family recollection, he was a terrible hypochondriac, and the two of them are supposed to be the inspiration for 'Emma', and her father 'Mr. Woodhouse'. This is borne out by archives which refer to a letter written to him by a friend telling him to pull himself together, think of his daughter and stop complaining about his health, (after his wife's death).
The motherless girls were referred to as Margaretta's 'protegés', and when the portrait of Jane was given to Elizabeth Hall on her marriage to Colonel Thomas Harding-Newman in 1818, it explains why she knew the family, Jane, and the portrait so well. She was given it because she was 'a great admirer of the novelist', not just of her books, but of Jane herself.

Colonel Thomas's possessions were all also entailed, but his friend Thomas Harding-Newman had proposed to Jane, his wife-to-be had known her, so perhaps he felt the pleasure he was giving them outweighed the entail problem! Henry and I met the Harding-Newman family; they are quite charming, and said that their ancestor was not the handsomest chap in the world, (the family name for him was 'Old Mossy Face') and they could understand why Jane had turned him down!
So Jane was separated from Cassandra in 1818, to descend for one generation through the Harding-Newman family, leaving her sister at Kippington.

Colonel Thomas married again in 1826 aged 50 (after Margaretta's death in 1825) to the local belle Caroline Manning aged 18; but again the marriage was childless. His heir was his nephew, John-Francis Austen, to whose descendant, Charlotte Marianne, or May Austen, Cassandra's portrait descended in direct line.
Godmersham Park
Colonel Austen and Margaretta were always very close to Edward Knight's family, and therefore also close to Edward Royd Rice, Henry's ancestor. Indeed, during their engagement Edward injured himself in a fall from a horse and whilst he recovered, Elizabeth went to stay with Colonel Thomas and Margaretta at Kippington.
Colonel Thomas and Margaretta stayed at Godmersham for the wedding of Elizabeth Austen to Edward Royd Rice, in 1818 on October 6th, the day before Edward Knight's birthday, and the story goes that the bride of 18 ran around the tops of the garden walls after the ceremony still wearing her wedding dress! It must have been a wonderful party!

Colonel Thomas Austen died in 1859, by all accounts a much loved patron and landowner.

Anne Rice June 2011

I have loved hearing about the connections between this branch of the family and Jane Austen's family. Next time, I shall be adding my own comments about this particular part of the provenance, and by kind permission of Professor Claudia Johnson, the Murray Professor of English Literature at Princeton University, I will be reproducing some of her writing on the subject!

5 comments:

Luthien84 said...

I love the first and second part as it is easy to follow. When it comes to the third part, it was confusing at times either because it is a long story or I'm tired. But first, do forgive my impertinence for I need to clarify some parts.

"...the two of them are supposed to be the inspiration for 'Emma', and her father 'Mr. Woodhouse'"
Which two do you mean? A little confuse here.

"...the portrait of Jane was given to Elizabeth Hall on her marriage to Colonel Thomas Harding-Newman in 1817..."
So Elizabeth Hall is the fourth owner of the Rice portrait is it? How come it ended up in the Rice family? I might be jumping ahead at this point.

"...Colonel Harding-Newman had proposed to Jane..."
Are we talking of Jane Austen here? I have never read about other suitors for Jane's hand besides Harris Bigg-Wither and Tom Lefroy. So is this only known to the Austens family circle? What about documented proof?

"he felt the pleasure he was giving them outweighed the entail problem!"
The them refers to the Rice portrait?

"So Jane was separated from Cassandra in 1818, to descend for one generation through the Harding-Newman family, leaving her sister at Kippington."
Ok, so Jane died in 1818 and Cassandra stayed at Kippington, Colonel Thomas Austen's house. Don't understand this part "to descend for one generation through the Harding-Newman family". Apologies here if it makes sense to you but not to me.

"...during their engagement Edward injured himself in a fall from a horse..."
Whose engagement are we talking about? Is it Elizabeth Austen and Edward Royd Rice?

Sorry again for bothering you so much. I' a stickler for details.

Jane Odiwe said...

Hello Luthien84 I shall try to answer your questions as best I can!

Elizabeth Hall and her father Thomas are supposed to be the inspiration for Emma and Mr. Woodhouse.

Yes, Elizabeth Hall is the 4th owner- we shall be coming to that soon.

Yes, in Thomas Harding Newman's family, there is a firm and long-standing tradition that he proposed to Jane Austen by letter. Mrs. Rice was told about this by the family, but if you want to read a little more, I know that Audrey Hawkridge wrote about it in her book 'Jane and her Gentlemen'.

"he felt the pleasure he was giving them outweighed the entail problem!"
This means that Colonel Thomas broke the entail to give the Rice portrait to his friends Elizabeth Hall and Thomas Harding Newman on their marriage because she admired Jane Austen's novels.

The portrait of Jane went to the Harding Newman family, but the portrait of Cassandra stayed at Kippington and was eventually inherited by Colonel Thomas's heir, John Austen.

The engagement was between Elizabeth Austen and Edward Royd Rice who was an ancestor of Henry Rice.

I hope this answers your questions, but please ask if you do not understand anything.

Luthien84 said...

Thanks Jane for explaining it clearly. Now I understand the story better.

"So Jane was separated from Cassandra in 1818, to descend for one generation through the Harding-Newman family, leaving her sister at Kippington."
Ok, it was the portrait, now I get it. Is this Cassandra's portrait that Mrs Rice is referring to? -> http://www.jasa.net.au/images/cassportrait.jpg

Thanks for suggesting to read Jane and her Gentlemen about Harding-Newman's proposal. Anyway, I can't wait for the next installment.

Jane Odiwe said...

Yes, it is Cassandra's portrait that Mrs. Rice is referring to.

I really enjoyed 'Jane and her Gentleman' - there's more about Thomas Harding Newman and about his connections to the Lefroy family who also knew Jane.
The whole point, of course, is that Thomas Harding Newman knew Jane Austen! Why would he and his wife accept the portrait as Jane if it wasn't-they clearly recognised the painting as being of Jane.

The other argument that the portrait is of Colonel Thomas Austen's niece is also nonsense, and I shall be writing about this later on. Why would he give away a portrait of his niece, and say it was someone else? If indeed there was a portrait of the niece, it wouldn't have been in his possession, but in the family home of the niece.

Luthien84 said...

Ok, can't wait to hear more of the story and the arguments supporting the claim.